Basic horse care

Basic horse care

proudly owning a horse can be a rewarding and exciting experience. whether a horse is used for pleasure using, opposition or simply stored as a pet, it may make a superb associate and hobby.

there are numerous crucial obligations related to owning a horse. owning a horse is a long-term commitment, requires tremendous effort and time, and is highly-priced.

as a horse owner, it’s far your felony responsibility to ensure that your horse is provided with the fundamental requirements to hold it healthful and glad.

the fundamental necessities consist of adequate and appropriate feed, water, safe haven, area and workout, organization, fitness care, and remedy of infection or harm.

the basic requirements for being concerned for horses are as follows:

Feed

horses ought to have access to an adequate quantity of precise best feed in the shape of roughage (pasture, hay or chaff) to keep them in top body situation. a manual to the amounts to feed is 1–2 kg per 100kg of body weight.

you can want to supplementary feed a horse that is being worked regularly or if there isn’t enough pasture and the pony is dropping frame circumstance. offer a salt lick or mineral block in paddock. take a look at with your veterinarian for appropriate supplementary feeds – grass clippings and plenty of food scraps are not suitable feed as they could cause a horse to grow to be unwell.

Water

smooth water should usually be available. a dam or self-filling trough is first-rate. bath tubs, if used, must be checked every day and re-stuffed if necessary. dams and self-filling troughs ought to additionally be checked regularly. buckets aren’t appropriate as a permanent water supply as they may be tipped over. as a manual, a horse can also drink 25-forty five litres according to day in warm weather.

Feed and water general guide

 

Horse sizeForage/Roughage requirement (pasture, hay or chaff)Water requirementSupplementary feed
Pony
(up to 13.5 hands, 200–350kg)
3–7kg/day

Clean water must always be available – dams or self-filling troughs are the most appropriate.

If your water supply is not self-filling it must be checked daily.

25–45L in hot weather

Clean water must always be available – dams or self-filling troughs are the most appropriate.

If your water supply is not self-filling it must be checked daily.

25–45L in hot weather

Galloway
(13.5–15 hands, 350–500kg)
7–10kg/day
Horse
(15–16.5 hands, 500–650kg)
10–13kg/day
Heavy Horse
(16.5+ hands, 650+kg)
13+ kg/day

 

Shelter

Horses need shelter from extremes of sun, wind and rain. Trees or a walk-in shed / stable make suitable shelter. A waterproof rug can be used to protect the horse from cold weather but must be checked daily to ensure it is not rubbing, slipping or leaking.

Exercise/Space

horses should have enough space to stroll and run around, except they may be exercised every day. ill horses may need to be restricted beneath the directions of a veterinarian.

tethering of horses is handiest suitable for short periods of time and requires daily supervision and inspection, provision of adequate feed and water, appropriate tethering equipment and flat terrain. horses have to not be tethered lengthy-term.

Paddocks

fences have to be kept in good repair to save you injury and escape. eliminate rubbish and weeds frequently to save you harm to the pony. be aware to prevent threats including unfastened wire or sights consisting of a neighbouring horse that can purpose a horse to be injured with the aid of a fence.

General health care

Feet

Have a farrier trim the hooves every 6-8 weeks to prevent them chipping or becoming too long and uncomfortable for the horse. Shoes are only needed if the horse is to be ridden on hard or rocky ground.

Teeth

horse’s tooth want to be checked by way of a horse dentist as a minimum as soon as a year for a horse saved in a paddock. if now not handled they are able to grow to be sharp and cause pain and mouth injuries.

horses under the age of 5, or the ones fed grain, need a dental take a look at at the least once every three–6 months.

Worming

computer virus your horse frequently to prevent worms constructing up within the belly and intestines. many worming pastes require use each 6-eight weeks. follow the directions on the product as dosage frequency and quantities vary. decreasing the build-up of manure to your horse’s paddock is likewise a simple way to lessen worm infection of pastures.

Vaccination

a veterinarian need to vaccinate your horse for diseases consisting of tetanus, viral breathing ailment and strangles. your vet will advise what your horse should be vaccinated for and how regularly.

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